The Story of Pakistan Episode 6
When Gwadar became part of Pakistan.
History of Pakistan #06 When Gawadar became a part of Pakistan When Governor-General Ghulam Muhammad resigned in 1950, the bureaucracy had tightened its grip on the country’s system. Military intervention was also in full swing. Major General (retd) Iskandar Mirza, who had also been a bureaucrat, became Governor-General. But the government fell into the hands of the military establishment. Alexander Mirza wanted to rule for a long time.
He thought that if he shared his friend Chief General Ayub Khan in power, his wish could be fulfilled. He did so. To keep the record of history correct, let me tell you that Iskander Mirza was the great-grandson of Mir Jafar. The same Mir Jafar who betrayed Nawab Siraj-ud-Daulah to give way to the British in Bengal. It was a time of laughter for Pakistan’s democracy. History of Pakistan #06 When Gawadar became a part of Pakistan Alexander Mirza made a mockery of the Prime Minister’s chair by dismissing five prime ministers in just three years. It is said that Indian Prime Minister Nehru had said that he was not so lazy.
History of Pakistan #06 When Gawadar became a part of Pakistan As fast as the Prime Minister changes in Pakistan. The first victim of Alexander Mirza was Prime Minister Muhammad Ali Bogra. Bureaucrat Chaudhry Muhammad Ali was made the Prime Minister. But this did not last for more than a year and he was also sent home in 1956. Hussain Muhammad Shaheed Suhrawardy was made the Prime Minister in place of Chaudhry Muhammad Ali. When he tried to take over, Iskander Mirza forced him to resign. Suhrawardy was replaced by Ibrahim Ismail Chandigarh, also known as Chandigarh, who became the Prime Minister. But only two months later, he too was removed from office. In his place, Malik Feroze Khan became the seventh Prime Minister of Pakistan.
He was the first Prime Minister to be from Punjab. Before that, the Prime Minister or the Governor-General came to the people. All of them except Quaid-e-Azam was from East Pakistan or immigrants. Prime Minister Feroz Khan Noon added the port of Gwadar to Pakistan. This port was given to the Arab Empire of Oman during British rule. Malik Feroze Khan Noon paid 10 million dollars to Oman and added Gwadar to Pakistan. It is said that Akbar Akbar Bugti had played an important role in the talks. Chaudhry Muhammad Ali was one of them who completed the constitution of Pakistan in 1956. Under such a constitution of Pakistan, Iskander Mirza became the first President of Pakistan from the Governor-General. Under the same constitution, Britain came out of total domination and became a free and independent country. On the one hand, the constitution was made and on the other hand, an atmosphere of choice was created in the country. History of Pakistan #06 When Gawadar became a part of Pakistan
This was a cause of happiness for Pakistan but Alexander Mirza and General Ayub. It was a matter of great sorrow for him. Mirza and Ayub Khan knew that if they did not take any step before the election, they would never be able to enjoy power in Pakistan after today. Because Ayub Khan was about to retire and Sikandar Mirza was not able to get a vote of confidence from the new assembly. In that case, he did what a fearful dictator does. On October 7, 1958, Iskander Mirza dismissed the government and repealed the constitution, and declared martial law in the country. History of Pakistan #06 When Gawadar became a part of Pakistan
Alexander Mirza was not a uniformed soldier. Therefore, this record of history should be correct that the first nationwide martial law in Pakistan was not by the army. On the contrary, he was appointed by the President, a bureaucrat from Bengal. History of Pakistan #06 When Gawadar became a part of Pakistan He appointed Avon Khan, a powerful ally of his conspiracies, as Chief Martial Law Administrator. When General Ayub Khan saw that Iskander Mirza’s power and martial law were still standing. Ayub Khan addressed the nation, formally declared martial law nationwide. And thus, instead of democracy in Pakistan, my dear compatriots began.
Shuja Nawaz wrote in his book Cross Swords that Ayub Khan Iskander Mirza was also the importer. History of Pakistan #06 When Gawadar became a part of Pakistan Because when there was talk of appointing a local general as the army chief instead of the British general in Pakistan, Iskander Mirza was the Secretary to Defense of the Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan. Junior Most General Avon Khan should be promoted to the post of Army Chief. Perhaps this was the reason why Iskander Mirza thought that General Ayub Khan would be buried under his favors. But he had forgotten that there is no weapon called morality in the war of power.
Look at the misfortune of Iskander Mirza that once he was the owner of black and white of Pakistan. History of Pakistan #06 When Gawadar became a part of Pakistan Every few months according to his mood. Alexander Mirza died in London in 1969 and was buried in Tehran, the capital of Iran. As long as he lived, he received a stipend from the British Queen. He was loyal to him. Now the era of Avon Khan had started in Pakistan and not of Iskander Mirza. Many people call Avon Khan’s martial law the golden age of Pakistan’s development. While some people called it the destruction of Pakistan. The story says.
Why do these two people say that? What was the real story?
Watch the next episode to find out.